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About El Salvador


General Information

  • Official Name: Republic of El Salvador
  • Capital City: San Salvador
  • Government: Republican, Democratic, Representative
  • Territorial Extension: 20,742 km2
  • Total Population: 6, 757,408 inhabitants aprox.
  • Official Language: Spanish, not official; English and nahuat in some native communities.
  • Religion: In their majority Catholic and Protestant; but cult freedom exists
  • National bird: Torogoz, (Momoto Cejiturquesa)
  • National Flower: Flor de Izote (Yuca Guatemalensis)
  • National Tree: Maquliishuat (Tabebuia Rósea de la famliia de la Dignoniageae)
  • Electricity: 110 volts AC, 60 Hz and 220 volts.
  • Airport: International Airport of El Salvador (Comalapa)
  • Main harbor: Acajutla
  • Main exports: Textlie, coffee, sugar, and shrimp.
  • Climate: Mainly warm, with a rainy season around the months of May to October
  • El Salvador is located to the Southwest of Central America and on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. It is the only country of the region that doesn't possess coast in the Atlantic Ocean.

Practical tips:

  • Entrance requirements: Valid passport, and according to the country of origin, sometimes is necessary a tourist visa or tourist card that cost $10 and it’s normally valid for 90 days.
  • Communications: Telephone IDD avaliable. Country code: 503. IDD is avaliable to Europe, USA and certain international ports. Outgoing international code: 00
  • Moblie Phone: GSM 850, 900, 1900. and 1950 networks.
  • Fax and Internet: Hotels have facliities. Internet access is easliy avaliable throughout El Salvador, as well as WI-FI points.
  • Currency exchange: Visitors are advised to change currency only at banks.
  • Credit and debit cards: International credit cards are accepted
  • Travelers check: these may be cashed at any bank or hotel, prior presentation of the passport.
  • Departure Tax: US $32.00
  • Lodging: The greater concentration of hotels is in the capital city. It is recommended that it is reserved ahead of time. Lodgings of all type exist.
  • Tips: It’s appropriate to give 10% tip in the majority of restaurants and bars. Some places include that tip on the blil.
  • Suitable clothes: slight clothes are recommend and some wardrobe suitable for the rainy season.